Lincoln County

Lincoln County Chinese

China Gulch. Lincoln County.
China Gulch is a small valley with its mouth facing Spilde River about ½ miles west of Nashville. The Southern Pacific Railroad, originally the Oregon Pacific Railroad, passes the mouth. Reference: U.S.G.S. Quadrangle, 7.5’ series, Summit, Oregon, 1984.

China House. Lincoln County.
China House was part of the operation of the Kernville Cannery. The cannery, established in 1896, was located near Coyote Rock on the north side of the Siletz River, six miles from its mouth. China House consisted of a mess hall and sleeping facilities for the 25 Chinese cannery workers. The workers came on a seasonal basis from Astoria. Reference: Gardino and Riedel. 2010.

Newport Bay Chinatown. Lincoln County.
Newport Bay Chinatown was in existence by the 1880's. Its residents worked in resort hotels, operated laundries with others being employed in nearby canneries. Reference: Gardino and Riedel. 2010.

Oregon Pacific Railroad Line. Lincoln County.
Chinese laborers worked on the construction of the railroad line that extends from Toledo at Yaquina Bay, Lincoln County, through Corvallis in Benton County, to Detroit in Marion County. As many as 500 Chinese dug the tunnel (now day-lighted) near the community of Summit. The line was completed in 1885 with roadbed preparation continuing about 1/2 mile north of Santiam Junction in Linn County. Through time, the Oregon Pacific Railroad Company became the Corvallis and Eastern Railroad, then Southern Pacific Railroad and currently the Union Pacific Railroad. See Chinese Stone Work, Linn County. Reference: Mumford 1982; Mumford and Lowry 1980.

Placer Lake Chinese Diggings. Lincoln County.
 Placer Lake is on Reynolds Creek about four miles south of the community of Waldport. The creek flows into and out of Placer Lake. A Euro-American had filed mining claims in the area during the 1870's but there was little gold mining activity until the Chinese began to work the deposits in both the lake and creek. Reference: Guardino 2008: 34.

Reynolds Creek Chinese Mining. Lincoln County.
 Reynolds Creek flows into and out of Placer Lake. Both were mined by Chinese. See Placer Lake, Lincoln County.


Guardino, M. Constance III. 2008. Lincoln County Placenames. http://www.2.wi/net/ Accessed October 12, 2010.

_______ and Marilyn A. Riedel. 2010. Sovereigns of Themselves. Vol.1. Accessed November 28, 2010.

Mumford, Kenneth. 1982. “Pioneer Trails From Corvallis to the Coast.” Benton County Historical Society and Museum. Accessed November 23, 2010.

Mumford, Kenneth and Robert Lowry. 1980. “Rails and Roads in Upper Santiam.” Benton County Historical Society and Museum. Accessed November 23, 2010.

U.S.G.S. Quadrangle, 7.5’ series, Summit, Oregon, 1984.