Chinese made a significant contribution to the development of Oregon from the 1850s to the 1900s. They worked as laborers, built railroads, were miners, servants, cooks, and business men. Over 370 placenames record their efforts. The county-by-county location of places, historic markers, public art, GPS coordinates, massacres sites, and walking tours are detailed.
China Hat. Deschutes
China Hat is an 80,000
year old volcanic dome southeast of the City of Bend within the Deschutes
National Forest. The 6573 feet above sea level peak supported a fire lookout
tower until the 1930's. Its name was probably derived from its shape, being
similar to the conical farmer-style hat worn by Chinese in the second half of
the 1800's. The peak, with its distinctive shape, served as a landmark indicator
when travelling in the Fort Rock-Bend area. Reference: Interview, February 10, 2011;
Jensen 1995: 148-49; McArthur and McArthur 2003: 199; U.S.G.S. quadrangle 7.5’
series, China Hat, Oregon, 1990. Photo.
China Hat Recreation Area. Deschutes County.
China Hat Recreation Area
is on the south side of China Hat at its base. The area has a campground and
hiking trails. There are also lava tubes and ice caves. The area is accessible
via China Hat Road. Reference: U.S.G.S. quadrangle 7.5’ series, China Hat,
China Hat Road. Deschutes County.
China Hat Road (Forest
Service Road 18) extends southeastward from the City of Bend, past China Hat,
continuing to Fort Rock where it becomes Cabin Lake Road. Much of the current
road extending from Bend to China Hat itself consists of parts of the
Brooks-Scanlon logging mainline railroad built after 1914. The initial work on
the road from China Hat to Cabin Lake Road was accomplished by Fort Rock
homesteaders led by George Reels in 1915. Reference: Brogan 1969: 2; Gould
Hi Loy Mercantile. Deschutes
Hi Loy Mercantile is part
of the Spirit of the West exhibit in the High Desert Museum on Highway 97 in
the City of Bend. The store is modeled after a 1880's Chinese-owned business
that typically sold Chinese goods, hand tools for mining, food stuffs, etc. The
store name also advertises itself as a labor contractor. Reference: High Desert
Brogan, Phil F. 1969. Visitor
Information Service Book for the Deschutes National Forest.
Gould, Robert B. 1915. Map
of the Deschutes Valley Central Oregon.
High Desert Museum. 2010. http://www.highdesertmuseum.org/
Accessed October 12, 2010.
Interview. February 10,
2011. Historian/archaeologist, USDA Forest Service, Bend/Fort Rock Ranger
Jensen, Robert A. 1995. Roadside
Guide to the Geology of the Newberry Volcano. Bend, Oregon: CenOreGeoPub.
McArthur, Lewis A. and
Lewis L. McArthur. 2003 7th ed. Oregon Geographic Names. Portland,
Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press.
U.S.G.S. Quadrangle 7.5’
series, China Hat, Oregon,1982.